The Heads of State and Government of 22 Ibero-American countries (Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Portugal, the Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela) have met annually and in rotation since 1991 at meetings known as Summits.
During the work of these Summits, which, at the start, were primarily political, development co-operation issues began to gain importance and are now a central aspect of the Ibero-American Conference. Thus, in addition to a National Co-ordinator, responsible for the handling of political matters, the work now includes a Head of Co-operation.
The legal context of the Ibero-American Co-operation is the Bariloche Treaty, signed by the members of the Conference in 1995. This Co-operation has the following main characteristics:
- Horizontality: partnership between Member States
- Flexibility: each country participates voluntarily, with technical and/or financial resources according to its capacities
- Exchange of experience and mutual learning
The main instruments of Ibero-American Co-Operation are the Programmes, Initiatives and Projects, and they focus primarily on three priority areas: knowledge, culture and social cohesion.
Programmes (P) and Initiatives (I) are governmental proposals presented at Summits with a view to combining efforts to achieve a regional objective of strengthening public policy in various sectors. They involve at least 7 and 3 countries, respectively.
Ancillary Projects (AP) are activities in an area of interest for the priorities of Ibero-American Co-Operation, and are carried out by municipalities, regional entities, Ibero-American networks, NGOs, companies, universities, social organisations, unions or foundations. Their function is to recognise joint actions within the Ibero-American social, economic, cultural and political fabric.
|Programmes, Initiatives and Ancillary Projects (data for 2015)|
|P||Ibero-American Programme for the Strengthening of South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS)|
|P||Iberjovens Youth Programme|
|I||Media and Scientific Culture Initiative|
|P||Science and Technology Programme (CYTED)|
|P||Pablo Neruda Mobility Programme|
|P||Industrial Property Programme (IBEPI)|
|P||The Artesanias Programme|
|I||Ibercocinas, Tradição e Inovação|
|P||Cultura Viva Programme|
|P||IberMemoria Sonora e Audiovisual Programme|
|P||Iberorquestras Juvenis Programme|
|P||The Ibero-American Network of Diplomatic Archives (RADI)|
|P||Access to Law Programme|
|P||The Adultos Mayores Programme|
|P||Human Milk Bank Programme|
|P||Ibero-American Plan for Literacy and Lifelong Learning Programme|
|PA||The Ibero-American Centre for Strategic Urban Development|
|PA||Techo – Ibero-American Young People out of Poverty|
|PA||The Ibero-American City Council Group|
The priorities of Ibero-American Co-Operation are set out in the 2015-2018 Four-Year Plan of Action for Ibero-American Co-Operation (PACCI).
Camões, I.P. accompanies the issues related to Ibero-American co-operation as co-ordinator, aligning the participation of national entities in Ibero-American co-operation and ensuring representation at 2 annual co-operation meetings.
Portugal participates in 8 of the Ibero-American programmes:
|Portuguese participation||Entidade nacional responsável|
|P||Ibero-American Programme for the Strengthening of South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS)||Camões – Instituto da Cooperação e da Língua, I.P.|
|P||Iberjovens Youth Programme||IPDJ/Secretaria de Estado para a Juventude e Desporto|
|P||Science and Technology Programme (CYTED)||Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia|
|P||Industrial Property Programme (IBEPI)||Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial|
|P||Iberarquivos Programme||Direção Geral dos Arquivos|
|P||Ibermedia Programme||Instituto do Cinema e Audiovisual|
|P||Ibermuseus Programme||Direção Geral do Património Cultural|
|P||The Ibero-American Network of Diplomatic Archives (RADI)||Arquivo Histórico Diplomático|