Portuguese co-operation uses different types and methods of financing. With a view to increasing the effectiveness and impact of its interventions, Portuguese co-operation has been making efforts to increase the reliability of available funds as well as rationalising their use, improving the processes for planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating operations. Also important is the combination of different types and methods of assistance with an approach based on complementarity and synergy.
Types of aid:
- Intervention projects
- General contributions, programme support and common fundss
- Budget support and sectorial funds
- Student scholarships
- Expert and other types of technical assistance
The funding of various operations follows a set of principles. Whilst avoiding fragmentation and ad hoc projects, the concentration of activities in the priority sectors of partner countries and large-scale, high-visibility projects ensures coherence of Portuguese co-operative activities. Other aspects include co-ordination with other donors, diversification, new sources of funding through delegated co-operation and blending, for example, and partnerships with multilateral banks and with the private sector. Management by objectives is equally important.
With regard to intervention projects, these must comply with the rules of structure and presentation with indicators and measurable results as well as a clear exit strategy. Co-operation projects must be co-ordinated and agreed on the basis of how appropriate they are to the interests of foreign policy, a process in which the Inter-ministerial Commission for Co-operation and its Permanent Secretariat play a central role.
Different types of intervention are financed nationally through the state budget, in particular with funding from the budgets of Camões, I.P., the various ministries, local administration and private funds. On an international level, funding may arise from international organisations and partner countries, in particular through trilateral co-operation.
Bearing in mind the challenges being faced, particularly in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, new methods and instruments are being studied and/or already in use.
Portugal’s humanitarian efforts involve a variety of partners and include, both directly and indirectly, governments and civil society organisations in the affected countries, Portuguese NGOs and multilateral organisations.
The Operational Action Plan is an integrated response that includes, above all else, the creation and strengthening of the resilience of communities and partner countries and a reduction of disaster risk. It also highlights the importance of maintaining a flexible perspective by linking and co-ordinating aid for emergencies, rehabilitation and development. It also strives to create a more systematic relationship with all the organisations involved by establishing focal points and shared responsibilities concerning information, knowledge, methods and operational structures.
It is an integrated approach to humanitarian activities that also focuses on medium- to long-term solutions and the strengthening of the resilience of families, communities and partner countries as well as reducing the risk of disaster. To this end, these areas have been gradually integrated in the Strategic Co-operation Programmes and the support instruments for the NGDO’s development projects.
The decisions about financial supports given by Portugal to the humanitarian cause are based on the crises risk and seriousness and the added value that a national intervention can represent.
Decisions regarding Portugal’s financial aid for humanitarian reasons are based on an analysis of the seriousness of the crisis and the added-value that a particular national intervention might represent for Portugal in order for it to be prioritised for funds being allocated to UN agencies (i.e. core funding) and flexible and/or "non-earmarked" funds like CERF - Central Emergency Response Fund, to which Portugal has continuously made a contribution since its creation. Contributions are also made to various UN agencies operating in the area of humanitarian aid, most notably the UNHCR, UNRWA, UNICEF, WFP and other humanitarian organisations such as the International Red Cross.
Camões, I.P. orchestrates the co-funding of programmes, projects and activities through bilateral and multilateral co-operation with NGDOs.
Interventions on a bilateral level are consistent with the strategic guidelines and financial packages set out under the terms of the Strategic Co-operation Programmes that are negotiated and agreed with the partner country.
The Portuguese state, as is expressed in the NGDOs Statutes and Co-operation Protocol signed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Portuguese NGDO Platform, recognises the crucial role played by non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) in the areas of development assistance, humanitarian aid and development education, in which they:
- Ensure interconnections between national, European and international organisations;
- Define and apply the criteria for the allocation of aid whilst participating in projects;
- Ensure the involvement of non-governmental development organisations.
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